General view from the Diwan-i-Khas, looking south-west towards the Buland Darwaza, with the Panch Mahal in the foreground, Fatehpur Sikri
Photographer: Smith, Edmund William
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Fatehpur Sikri, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken by Edmund William Smith in 1893. This is a view from the Diwan-i-Khas (Private Audience Hall) looking across the courtyard to the Panch Mahal (Tower of Winds). The palace city of Fatehpur Sikri was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605) from 1571 to 1585. The entire complex is built of locally quarried red sandstone, known as Sikri sandstone. The Panch Mahal is a five storey building, the tiers gradually diminish in size, the final one is a single chattri. Pierced stone screens once faced the façade, and probably divided the interior as well, suggesting it was built for the ladies of the court. The huge Buland Darwaza topped by kiosks, or chattris, can be seen in the distance in this view. The large gateway is set into the south wall of the Jami Masjid (or Dargah Mosque), the main congregational mosque in the city.