Photograph of a ruined temple at Nunar, Jhansi District, part of the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Indian Museum Series, taken by an unknown photographer in the1880s-90s. The district of Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh was ruled by a succession of dynasties under several different names, the most noted being the Chandella kings who ruled from the 9th to the 12th centuries. The majority of the Hindu and Jain temples that remain date to this period. The area was renamed Jhansi in the 17th century when it rose to power under the Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha, who built the fort in 1613 that the city was named after. Historically, Jhansi is often remembered for the young patriotic queen Lakshmi Bai, also known as the Rani of Jhansi, who became a national symbol of resistance to British rule. Nunar is one of a cluster of villages about 40 miles east of Jhansi city on the Jhansi-Baragaon road.