General view of the Qutb Minar, Delhi
Photographer: Caney, W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Qutb Minar at Delhi from the Archaeological Survey Collections, taken by W. Caney in the 1870s. The Qutb Minar is one of the most famous monuments in India and one of the most significant examples of early Indo-Islamic architecture. It is a tower of victory which also served as a minaret. It was begun by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak (r.1206-1210), the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave Dynasty, and continued by Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish (r.1211-1236). It is 72.3m (238 ft) high, and rises in five tapering fluted storeys interrupted by projecting balconies decorated with inscriptions. The lower stories are of red sandstone and the two highest storeys are mainly marble. They were rebuilt by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r.1351-1388) in 1368 when a cupola was added, later damaged in an earthquake and removed. This is a view from the east looking towards the tower, with the dome of the Alai Darwaza at the left, and a small pavilion, a late addition that for a time stood at the top of the tower, at the right. Adham Khan's Tomb can be seen in the background to the left of the Qutb.