General view of Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq's Tomb, Delhi. 1003910
Photographer: Caney, W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq's tomb from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by W.Caney in the 1870s. Emperor Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq (r.1320-25) the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty built the third city of Delhi- Tughlaqabad, between 1321-1325. Originally his tomb was surrounded by a reservoir and was attached to the Tughlaqabad fort by a causeway. The tomb stands at the center of a pentagonal enclosure with high walls. Built in red sandstone, inlaid with white marble, the tomb has a white marble dome rising from a low octagonal drum. The tombs sloping walls pioneered a style that was used in all subsquent Tughlaq architecture. The tomb also has the graves of Ghiyas ud-Din's wife and his son Muhammad Bin-Tughlaq (r.1325-51).