General view of Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq's Tomb, Delhi. 1003911
Photographer: Cole, Henry Hardy
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq's tomb with part of the Tughlaqabad fort from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken in the 1870s and attributed to Henry Cole (the attribution to Cole is probably incorrect). Emperor Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq (r.1320-25) the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty built the third city of Delhi- Tughlaqabad, between 1321-1325. Originally his tomb was surrounded by a reservoir and was attached to the Tughlaqabad fort by a causeway. The tomb stands at the center of a pentagonal enclosure with high walls. Built in red sandstone, inlaid with white marble, the tomb has a white marble dome rising from a low octagonal drum. The tombs sloping walls pioneered a style that was used in all subsquent Tughlaq architecture. The tomb also has the graves of Ghiyas ud-Din's wife and his son Muhammad Bin-Tughlaq (r.1325-51).