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General view of the Arhai-din-ka-Jhonpra Mosque, Ajmer.

General view of the Arhai-din-ka-Jhonpra Mosque, Ajmer.

Photographer: Baudesson, O.S.

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1880

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(1532)

Item number: 10031532

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Arhai-din-ka-Jhonpra Mosque, by O.S.Baudesson in the 1880s, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. The Arhai-din-ka-Jhonpra Mosque (or Hut of Two and a Half Days) is situated near the Dargah of Khwaja Muin-ud-Din Chishti in south-west Ajmer. This early example of Indo-Islamic architecture was begun in c.1200 by Qutb-ud-Din Aybak (r.1206-1210), Sultan of Delhi, and completed by his successor, Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish (r.1211-1236). The mosque was built in yellow sandstone and masonry taken from local Hindu and Jain temples. The ceiling of the arcades and prayer hall are supported by triple-height colonnades composed of three Hindu or Jain pillars placed one on top of each other to create a single pillar. The mosque has a monumental fa├žade of seven arches that was added by Iltutmish in about 1230, shown in this view. It is decorated with geometric and floral motifs and Koranic inscriptions.

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