Photograph of temple pagodas in the hills at Sagaing, Burma (Myanmar), taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s. Sagaing is situated in a picturesque location on the west bank of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, opposite Amarapura and Ava (Inwa) in central Burma. A long range of hills runs parallel to the river behind the town, and is the site of many pagodas and monasteries such as the stupas in this distant view. Sagaing was the capital of an independent Shan kingdom beginning about 1315, after the fall of Bagan, but in 1364 the capital was moved to Ava when the Kingdom of Ava was founded. In the 19th century it was the head quarters of the Sagaing Division and District in what was then Upper Burma. Today, Sagaing is widely regarded as the religious centre of Burma and in its hills and valleys there are around 600 Buddhist monasteries as well as numerous temples, stupas and caves dedicated to the Buddha. It is known as 'Little Bagan' because of the multitudes of temples and monasteries here.