Gateway, Begumpura, Shalimar Rd, Lahore. [Gulabi Bagh Gateway]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Gulabi Bagh Gateway at Lahore, Pakistan, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1870s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views. Lahore, the capital of Punjab province, is considered the cultural centre of Pakistan. Islam came here after the advent of Mahmud of Ghazni in 1021 AD, and it was subsequently ruled by a succession of dynasties of the Delhi Sultanate, followed by the Mughals, the Sikhs and the British. It reached its apogee under the Mughals, known as the Garden City and with enough architecture to rank it with other great Mughal centres like Delhi, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. Decorated profusely with intricate calligraphy and tilework, the Gulabhi Bagh Gateway was once the entrance to a garden which has disappeared. It was erected by Mirza Sultan Baig, a Persian noble, in the reign of Shahjahan (ruled 1628–58). The inscription over the archway gives the gate its title of Gulabi Bagh or Rose Garden and also records that it was built in 1655.