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General view of the entrance to the Vaishnava Sanctuary (Cave II), Badami, Bijapur District

General view of the entrance to the Vaishnava Sanctuary (Cave II), Badami, Bijapur District

Photographer: Burgess, James

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1874

Shelfmark: Photo 1000/3(327)

Item number: 10003327

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the entrance to Cave 2 at Badami in Bijapur District, taken by James Burgess in 1874. Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, was the capital of the early Chalukya rulers in the 6th - 8th centuries. The town is situated between two rocky hills of red sandstone that surround an artificial lake. There are two later forts that overlook the town. Around the south fort there are four rock-cut shrines while structural temples dominate the site on the opposite north fort. At the eastern end of the lake there is the Bhutanatha temple complex. Cave 2 is a Vaishnava sanctuary from the late 6th century. It consists of a square sanctuary excavated into the rear wall of a large columned mandapa approached through a long outer porch. The external wall is decorated with a frieze of ganas. The column shafts have sculpted medallions containing figures and jewel and garland motifs.

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