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General view from the right of porch and entrance to Buddhist Vihara, Cave I, Ajanta

General view from the right of porch and entrance to Buddhist Vihara, Cave I, Ajanta

Photographer: Gill, Robert

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1869

Shelfmark: Photo 1000/4(461)

Item number: 10004461

Length: 17.9

Width: 21

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the verandah of Cave I at Ajanta, taken by Robert Gill around 1868-70. The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River during two time periods; firstly, the

2nd–1st Century BC and secondly, during the 5th Century AD. The caves are numbered 1-28 according to their location, not chronologically. They consist of monasteries (viharas) and prayer-halls (chaitya) used by a community of Buddhist monks who resided there. Cave I is a fine monastery from the late 5th Century which consists of a verandah with cells and porches at the ends and three doorways leading to the hall. There are 20 columns along the four sides of the hall and an antechamber in the middle of the rear wall leads to the principal shrine. The paintings on the walls represent Jatakas scenes and are among the finest at Ajanta. The columns shafts are elaborately carved with medallions, scrollwork and jewelled motifs and on the brackets there are flying couples and scenes from the life of Buddha. The doorways have carvings of musicians, amorous couples and nagas.

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