Golden Temple, Amritsar 7521523
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Hari Mandir, or Golden Temple, at Amritsar in Punjab, India, taken by an unknown photographer, most likely in the 1890s, from the Macnabb Collection. Amritsar is the holy city of Sikhs and was founded in 1579. The Hari Mandir is the holiest of the Sikh gurudwaras (Sikh religious complexes) and contains the Adi Granth, the Original Book or holy scripture of the Sikhs. The large rectangular tank in which it stands is known as the Amrita Sarovar or Pool of Nectar. The temple is an example of late Mughal architecture and was built by Guru Arjan Dev in 1764 on the same spot as several earlier structures. The building acquired its popular name in 1802 when the roof was covered with gilded copper plates. This photograph is a view of the temple from across the tank.