General view of the east façade of the Gumada Masjid, Patan
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the trabeate east façade of the Gumada Masjid at Patan in Gujarat, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s, Archaeological Survey of India Collections. The city of Patan was formerly called Anhilvada or Anhilpur and was established in 765 by Vanaraja, the first king of the Chavada dynasty. The Gumada Masjid, composed of sandstone, brick and plaster, used several elements from the15th century mosques in Ahmadabad, such as the open facade. The mosque’s interior measures 65 by 26 feet and the interior is divided into seven bays and three aisles across the length. Along the back wall, there are three mihrabs or prayer niches. The central niche has a Persian inscription giving the details of the mosque’s construction, patron, and dates. The windows, buttresses, and niches in the minarets are covered with decorative carved details or perforated stone lattice work which are similar to the styles seen at Ahmadabad.