Photograph of a group posed in front of medical school buildings at Nagpur in Maharashtra from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series (Volume 46), taken by an unknown photographer in c. 1870. Medical colleges were set up in Calcutta and Madras in 1835, in Bombay in 1845 and in Lahore in1860, to train Assistant Surgeons. Later twenty-two Government medical schools were opened to train public service officers (Hospital Assistants). The Imperial Gazetteer of india states, "The course in the medical schools is shorter and less advanced, and instruction is given partly in the vernacular. On leaving college or school a large proportion of the medical students are employed in hospitals and dispensaries and in...other public capacities...Others take up private practice, in which they have been increasingly successful; while others again obtain posts under private employers of labour, such as managers of tea gardens."