Group of Jalsah-i-Tahzib or Reform Club, Lucknow
Medium: Photographic print
Formal group portrait of members of the Jalsah-i-Tehzib, or Reform Club, at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in 1870. The Jalsah- i -Tehzib was set up for the promotion of, and to ensure the continuation of, the famous culture and system of etiquette which had grown up in Lucknow after the Uprising of 1857. This was a form of integration between the Hindu and Persian populations of the city. Urdu was the new common language, rather than Sanskrit or Persian, and particular clothing was adopted to incorporate elements of both Hindu and Muslim dress. There was a system of respectful deference to the elders and to other members of the community which was encouraged throughout all classes and religious groups throughout the city in everyday exchanges.