Interior of Buddhist Chaitya Hall, Cave X (Viskakarma), Ellora
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the interior of the Buddhist Chaitya Hall, Cave X, Viskakarma at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora is renowned for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. The cave known as Vishvakarma (named after the architect to the gods) of the 7th century cave is one of the latest rock-cut Buddhist Chaityas in Western India. The elaborate façade at the end of large open court has a pillared verandah which admits into a long hall in the interior with an open gallery above. At the end of the central aisle is a votive stupa and a seated Buddha image with Bodhisattvas at either side.