Indra Sabha [Close view of base of pillar on upper floor in Jain Cave XXXII (Indra Sabha), Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a pillar from Cave XXXII (Indra Sabha) at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora has a group of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the face of a basalt cliff. Indra Sabha is the largest of the Jain series carried out under Rashtrakuta patronage in the 9th century. A simple gateway leads to a courtyard which contains a monolithic shrine with a pyramidal roof. The interior of this double storey cave has a columned mandapa or hall with niches on the three sides and the sanctuary in the middle of the back wall. The columns have rectangular shafts with exuberant pot and foliage and garland motifs and cushion capitals typical of the last phase of Ellora architecture.