Interior of Jameh Musjid at Mandu
Photographer: Deen Dayal, Lala (1844-1905)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the interior of the Jami Masjid at Mandu in Madhya Pradesh, taken by Lala Deen Dayal in 1882. The Jami Masjid or mosque was begun by Hoshang Shah (ruled 1405 -1435) and completed by Mahmud Shah I Khalji (ruled 1436-1469). It is a monumental building reputedly modelled on the Great Mosque at Damascus and is rectangular in plan with domed colonnades surrounding a central Great Courtyard. This is a view of the colonnade along the western wall and shows a series of austere pointed arches on plain pillars, in contrast to the beautiful minbar (pulpit) at left, an adaptation of a Hindu chhatri resting on a stepped platform. Hoshang Shah Ghuri (ruled 1405 -1435) was the second of the Sultans of Malwa, who ruled Mandu between 1401 and 1531. They renamed Mandu 'Shadiabad' (City of Joy) and built palaces, mosques and tombs amid the gardens, lakes and woodland within its walls. Most of the remaining buildings date from this period and constitute an important provincial style of Islamic architecture believed to have influenced later Mughal architecture at Agra and Delhi. The mosque is one of the best examples of this style. The photograph is from an album containing
architectural and landscape studies of various sites in Central India. The majority of the photographs were taken by Deen Dayal while on tour with Sir Lepel Griffin (1838-1908), who served as Resident at Indore and Agent to the Governor-General of Central India between 1881 and 1888. Many are reproduced in autotype in his ‘Famous Monuments of Central India’ (London, 1886). The album was formerly in the collection of Sir William Lee-Warner (1846-1912), who served in the Indian Civil Service and was a Member of the Council of India between 1902 and 1912.