Inside of Kalee [Karli] Cave, Bombay.
Medium: Photographic print
This print of the Karli Cave outside Bombay in Maharashtra was taken by an unknown photographer in the 1860s. The caves date to as early as the second century BCE. This Buddhist 'chaitya' or prayer hall is a fine example of rock-cut architecture. The ribs in the ceiling reflect earlier wooden buildings which the excavators imitated in their choice of form. The print shows a view looking along the length of the hall towards the votive stupa around which devotees would circumambulate in a clockwise direction as part of their religious practice. The hall is flanked by rows of massive octagonal columns with richly-carved capitals of animals and human figures.