Interior view of the Gulabi Bagh Gateway, Lahore.
Photographer: Cole, Henry Hardy
Medium: Photographic print
This photograph of a Gulabi Bagh Darwaza or 'flower garden gateway' in Lahore was taken by Henry Cole for the Archaeological Survey of India in 1884. It is the convention to enter a Muslim tomb garden through a gateway such as this one that serves to separate the tranquil garden from the noise of the urban environment beyond. Rich and vivid mosaic tiles, set into plasterwork over the brick skeleton, decorate the entire façade of the gateway. The garden, which has now disappeared, was built in 1655 by a Persian noble Mirza Sultan Beg who was Admiral of the Fleet under the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628-57).