Indo-Corinthian capitals from Jamal-Garhi. 10031018
Photographer: Craddock, James
Medium: Photographic print
This photograph showing two capitals was taken by James Craddock sometime in the 1870s to 1880s and is part of the Archaeological Survey of India Collections (Indian Museum Series). The capitals pictured were found at Jamal Garhi, a well-known archaeological site, situated to the north-east of Mardan city in the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. In this photograph we can only view the top of the column which is known as the capital. The Corinthian capital was originally a Greek architectural feature, yet from the first century AD onwards, they became popular in the North-West Frontier Province. Graeco-Roman influence affected not only architectural features, but a variety of artistic traditions in this area. Sculpture is a notable example of this phenomena, as the large quantities of statues found in the Peshawar district were heavily influenced by classical forms. The columns found in Peshawar are not, however, identical to their Greek counterparts. They blend Indian and classical features and are therefore often described as 'Indo-Greek'.