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Images of the Tirthankara Adinatha in the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya

Images of the Tirthankara Adinatha in the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya

Photographer: Cousens, Henry

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1885

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(2059)

Item number: 10032059

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of images of the Tirthankara Adinatha in the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s-90s. Satrunjaya is an ancient Jain place of pilgrimage. These pilgrims believe that Adinatha, the first Jain Tirthankara visited the site several times and his disciple Pundarika obtained enlightenment here. On the two summits of the hill, 600 metres above the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples where pilgrims come to worship the different Jain saints. The sanctuaries are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders. The Chaumukh Temple, located on the northern edge of the hill, is one of the most important temples of Satrunjaya. It was rebuilt in 1618. The square sanctuary enshrines a four faced image of Adinath of white marble in a shrine open on four sides. This photograph shows three of the four Adinatha images (the fourth concealed behind the pillar against which the statues are seated) in the temple. This is the Chaumukha - a Jain term for a sanctuary with four such votive images facing four entrances - which gives the temple its name.

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