Image of the Jain tirthankara Parsvanatha in an unnamed temple, Satrunjaya
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of an image of the Jain tirthankara Parsvanatha in an unnamed temple at Satrunjaya, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s-90s. Satrunjaya is an ancient Jain place of pilgrimage where it is believed that Adinatha, the first Jain Tirthankara visited several times and his disciple Pundarika obtained enlightenment. On the two summits of the hill, which rise 600 m above the plain around the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples where pilgrims come to pay reverence to the different Jain saints. The sanctuaries are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders. ''The inscribed [beneath the image] is No. XLII, Epig. Ind. II, p. 78. The image there is described as being in a temple on the south side on the way to the Hathipola.'' (Bloch).