Photograph of the interior of The Tirumalai Nayaka Palace in Madurai, part of the Earl of Jersey Collection: 'India. Bombay to Madras', taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s. The palace was erected by
Tirumala, king of Madurai's Nayaka dynasty who ruled from 1623-59. The palace
complex occupied a large area located in the south-eastern part of the city, a short distance from the Minakshi temple, but in the 18th century many structures were pulled down or incorporated into buildings in the adjacent streets. What remains is the enclosed court known as the Svarga Vilasam and a few adjoining buildings. The audience chamber of the Svarga Vilasam is a vast hall with arcades about 12 m high. The architecture is a blend of indigenous and Islamic forms. This photograph is a view of the interior of the palace, with an arcade of columns enriched with foliated brick arches. Behind this are cloisters carved in triple rows of columns.