Photograph of the interior of the Dhumar Lena cave at Ellora from the Curzon Collection: 'Views of Caves of Ellora and Dowlatabad Fort in H.H. the Nizam's Dominions' taken by Deen Dayal in the 1890s. The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the sixth and the ninth centuries. Dhumar Lena is one of the earliest caves of the Hindu series and dates from the Kalachuri period, sixth century, as denoted by the similarity between its columns and those at the Elephanta cave. These have tall square bases, part fluted shafts and cushion capitals. Large-scale sculpted wall panels on the sides represent Shaivite myths.