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Jumbookeshwar Temple near Trichinopoly. The tank and surrounding objects

Jumbookeshwar Temple near Trichinopoly. The tank and surrounding objects

Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1868

Shelfmark: Photo 212/1(14)

Item number: 212114

Genre: Photograph

Photograph from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. The artificial island of Srirangam in the middle of the Kaveri river is in the vicinity of Tiruchirapalli, a major city of Tamil Nadu. The great Vaishnava complex of the Sri Ranganathaswamy temple is on this island. So too is the Jambukesvara temple dedicated to Shiva, about 2kms to the east in the village of Tiruvannaikovil. This smaller complex has 4 concentric enclosures and 7 surviving gopurams which date from the Nayaka period (largely 17th century). According to legend an elephant worshipped Shiva here beneath a jambu tree, hence the temple's name. The lingam at the heart of the temple is partially submerged in a natural spring. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India', edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description: 'About a mile from the entrance of the Great Pagoda...is one dedicated to Shiva, under the title of lord of the Jambu, or rose-apple. Though smaller than that dedicated to Vishnu, having only three enclosures instead of seven, it has the advantage of having been built at once from one design, and in a better age than the greater part of the larger pagoda. The whole of this temple probably belongs to the 16th century. On one side of the tank shown in the Photograph, is seen the facade of the principal porch, and on the right the gateway leading to the sanctuary.'

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