Kabul from Upper Bala Hissar.
Photographer: Bengal Sappers and Miners
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Kabul from Upper Bala Hissar, taken by the Bengal Sappers and Miners, an engineering arm of the Indian Army in c. 1879 during the course of the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80). Kabul is located in a strategically important position at the confluence of major lines of communication running north into Central Asia and south and west to the northern plains of India. In 1504 Kabul was captured by Babur, the founder of the Moghul Empire and was transformed into a thriving cultural centre while Timur Shah made it his capital in 1772. In the 19th century the British were engaged in conflicts with Afghanistan due to British fear of Russian encroachment on their Indian colony and internal divisions within Afghanistan. Kabul was occupied intermittently by the British in this period.