Khyber Pass & Fort Jumrood, Punjab.
Photographer: Shepherd, Charles
Medium: Photographic print
This photograph of the fort at Jamrud was taken by Charles Shephard in the 1860s to form part of an album entitled 'Photographs of India and Overland Route'. This fort occupies a ruggedly majestic setting at the mouth of the Kyber Pass. As the sole route through the Hindu Kush between Central Asia and South Asia, the Khyber Pass has been an important trade and military strategic route for millenia. It consists of a 33-mile passage that stretches from Jamrud to Torkham. The fort at Jamrud was constructed on the site of an earlier fort, built out of stone daubed with mud plaster under the direction of the famous Sikh General Hari Singh Nalwa in 1823. He is buried here after having fallen in action against the forces of the Amir of Kabul in 1837.