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Kutchi (gipsy) village & encampment near Dakka.

Kutchi (gipsy) village & encampment near Dakka.

Photographer: Burke, John

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1878

Shelfmark: Photo 487/(47)

Item number: 47

Length: 23.8

Width: 29.2

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph with a view of an encampment of tents on a hillside, with a group of Kuchis posed in the foreground taken near Lowyah Dakkah in Afghanistan, taken by John Burke in 1878. Burke accompanied the Peshawar Valley Field Force, one of three British Anglo-Indian army columns deployed in the Second Afghan War (1878-80), despite being rejected for the role of official photographer. He financed his trip by advance sales of his photographs 'illustrating the advance from Attock to Jellalabad'. Coming to India as apothecary with the Royal Engineers, Burke turned professional photographer, assisting William Baker. Travelling widely in India, they were the main rivals to the better-known Bourne and Shepherd. Burke's two-year Afghan expedition produced an important visual document of the region where strategies of the Great Game were played out.

The Anglo-Russian rivalry (called the Great Game) precipitated the Second Afghan War. Afghanistan was of strategic importance to the British in the defence of their Indian Empire, and the prevention of the spreading influence of Russia. They favoured a Forward Policy of extending India's frontiers to the Hindu Kush and gaining control over Afghanistan. An opportunity presented itself when the Amir Sher Ali turned away a British mission while a Russian mission was visiting his court at Kabul. The British had demanded a permanent mission at Kabul which Sher Ali, trying to keep a balance between the Russians and British, would not permit.

British suspicions of the Amir's perceived susceptibility to the Russians led them to invade Afghanistan.

After entering Afghan territory at Torkham, the Pakistani border, the Khyber Pass winds another ten miles down the valley to the barren plain of Lowyah Dakkah in Afghanistan. The Kuchis, mostly Pashtun speaking, follow a traditional livelihood of nomadic herding; they migrate annually across the remote and rugged territory between Afghanistan and Pakistan with their caravans of goats, sheep, donkeys and camels.

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