King Thibaw's Kyaung, Mandalay
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of King Thibaw’s Kyaung at Mandalay, taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. Mandalay was founded in 1857 by King Mindon Min and became Burma’s last great royal capital. Thibaw was the last king of Burma and ruled from 1878 until 1885, when Mandalay was annexed by the British Empire and he was exiled to India together with his queen, Supayalat. As a consequence of royal patronage Mandalay had a rich heritage of religious architecture. This is a general view of the kyaung or monastery in which he was educated. It is built in the traditional raised pavilion form with tiered roofs, surrounded by a veranda with steps at the cardinal points of the compass. The spire marks the shrine room. Befitting its royal function the monastery is richly decorated and ornamented with elaborate woodcarvings.