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Kashmir. Temple of Sugandheshwara near village of Pathan. View of south face. Probable date A.D. 883 to 901

Kashmir. Temple of Sugandheshwara near village of Pathan. View of south face. Probable date A.D. 883 to 901

Photographer: Burke, John

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1868

Shelfmark: Photo 981/1(37)

Item number: 37

Length: 15

Width: 19.9

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Sugandhesha temple at Patan in Jammu and Kashmir, taken by John Burke in 1868. This photograph is reproduced in Henry Hardy Cole's Archaeological Survey of India Report 'Illustrations of Ancient Buildings in Kashmir.' (1869), and the building therein described: 'The roof was pyramidal, and must have been about 48 feet high. A quadrangle probably existed, as the ruins of a gateway and of a wall, are still traceable at a distance of about 60 feet from the eastern face.' Modern Patan, located about 27 kms from Srinagar, is the site of Shankarapattana which was founded by Shankaravarman of Kashmir's Utpala dynasty (ruled 883-902) as his capital. By this time Kashmir had become a great centre of the Shaivite religion and philosophy. Like his predessor Avantivarman, Shankaravarman built two temples of which only the ruins remain, the Sankaragaurishwara Temple and the Sugandhesha Temple. Both dedicated to Shiva, they are seen as a late flowering of Kashmiri temple architecture. The former is named after the ruler and the latter is said to be named after his queen. They are built to much the same plan as earlier temples but their stones display a greater refinement and precision of cutting and carving.

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