Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Khanderao Hill at Dhar, Madhya Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. The historic province of Malwa in central India had been the stronghold of the Hindu Paramara dynasty from the 9th to the 13th centuries with their capital first at Ujjain and then at Dhar. Malwa fell to Muslim rule first under the Delhi Sultanate in the early 14th century, then later under the Sultans of Malwa when the governor of Malwa declared his independence from Delhi. It was embellished with a distinctive provincial style of Islamic architecture. The province was taken over by the Mughals in 1561, and when their empire disintegrated was annexed by the Marathas in the mid-18th century. It was taken over by the British when the Marathas agreed to a subordinate role under their control. This is a view of an unidentified house built in a grand Italianate style and set in gardens. It is an example of British colonial architecture and is one of a series of architectural views of historical and contemporary buildings in Dhar taken in the early 20th century.