Kalika temple, [Dhar] 4303210
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Kalika Temple at Dhar, Madhya Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. Dhar was once the capital of the Paramaras, a Rajput dynasty which ruled the region of Malwa in central India from the 9th to the 13th centuries. It was famous as a centre of culture and learning. The dynasty began to decline in the 13th century and Dhar finally fell to the Delhi Sultanate under Alauddin Khalji in 1305. Kalika, a name for the goddess Durga, was worshipped by the Paramara dynasty and her temple stands on a hill overlooking a picturesque lake to the west of Dhar. The temple is traditionally associated with Vakpati II Munja, a famous 10th-century Paramara king who built splendid temples in the principal cities of his realm. This is a distant view from across the lake.