Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a river scene, looking towards a stone footbridge over the stream. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. In spite of the improvementsalready effected in regard to the irrigation system of South Travancore, water supply still remained precarious in the Nanjanad region in South Travancore. Thus, the Kothayar dam scheme was proposed with the work actually commencing in 1895. The work comprised the construction of the masonry dam across the Kothayar near Pachipara, about 6 miles above Triparappu, of a channel 11 miles long leading from the Kothayar to the Paralayar above the Puthen Dam and the necessary head-works.