Kirthambh (the tower of Victory) on the Chittorgarh fort
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from the 'Curzon Collection: Album of views of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh', of the Jaya Stambha or Tower of Victory in the Fort of Chittaurgarh, taken by an unknown photographer at the beginning of the 20th century. Approximately 37.2 m (122 ft) high, the tower was erected in 1448 by Rana Kumbha (ruled 1433-68) to commemorate his victory over Mahmud Shah I Khalji, the Sultan of Malwa, in 1440. It is dedicated to Vishnu, creator and preserver of universal order and the principal cult deity in Hinduism. The walls are covered with carved images of him, together with other Hindu deities. It has nine stories articulated by mouldings, openings and balconies, with a dome at the summit - a modern addition - and an interior staircase.