Kooshoo Bagh, Allahabad
Photographer: Bourne and Shepherd
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Mughal tombs in the Khusru Bagh (Garden) at Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, India, taken by Bourne and Shepherd during the 1870s. Allahabad, the former capital of the North-West Provinces, is one of the religious centres of Hindu India, being located at the confluence three sacred rivers: the Ganges and the Yamuna, as well as the mythical Saraswati river. The Khusru Bagh is a formal garden with parterres, water channels and three tombs, named for the tomb of Prince Khusru (died 1615), which was completed in 1622. The other two tombs belong to Khusru's sister Sultan Nithar Begam (died c.1624) and his mother Shah Begam (died 1604). The design of the grand entrance gate to the garden and the earliest tomb are attributed to Aqa Reza, Salim’s principal court artist. This photograph has all three tombs visible. The first to be built and in the right foreground, is the graceful, three-tiered tomb of Shah Begam, a Rajput who was Jahangir’s first wife. Khusru's tomb is a doomed structure that follows the Mughal style and is shown furthest away at left. In the middle on a high plinth is the tomb of Sultan Nithar Begum, which she had built for herself in 1624-25 but which remained empty. The tombs are very finely decorated inside with paintings and calligraphy.