Landscape view from Rajgir Valley 1003213b
Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a landscape view from Rajgir Valley, taken by Alexander Caddy in 1895. Situated in a large valley, Rajgir is surrounded by hills like that shown in this photograph. The city has a colourful history and is well known for the important role it played in the Buddha's life. Buddha resided in various caves around Rajgir for short periods of time and delivered numerous sermons at the city; the political climate was favourable towards non-Brahmanical sects like Buddhism. Originally known as Rajagriha, the city was the ancient capital of the Magadha kingdom. The rulers of the Magadha dynasty at the time of the Buddha were Bimbisara and Ajatashatru (circa 543-459 BC), and it has been claimed the latter was a Buddhist convert. After the Buddha's death Ajatashatru provided accommodation for the first Buddhist council at the Saptaparni cave situated close to the hill shown in this photograph. In the report accompanying his photographic tour Caddy wrote, "...It was with much anticipation that I awaited the morning view into the valley, the opening being, as described by Mr. Grierson, funnel-shaped. As I expected, I found it enchanting. Two hills meet each other by an easy incline, the foot of each being washed by the same stream."