Large sculptured frieze slab from Amravati, photographed on site after the Government excavations of 1880
Photographer: Coney, Sergeant
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a large sculptured frieze slab from Amravati, photographed on site after the Government excavations of 1880, by Sergeant Coney. In the Buddhist Stupas of Amravati and Jaggayapeta of 1887, James Burgess, who was in charge of the excavations at Amaravati in the 1880s, wrote, "The scene in the middle of the slab is another of the worship of the Vajrasana or seat of Buddha, with the feet in front , and behind it the bodhi tree, surmounted by the triple umbrella."
The Amaravati Stupa was founded in the 3rd-2nd centuries BC and enlarged in the 1st-4th centuries AD under the Satavahana and Ikshvaku patronage and represents one of the greatest architectural achievement of ancient India. Colin Mackenzie (1754-1821) encountered the stupa at Amaravati in 1798, making him the first European to discover this Second Century Buddhist monument. The stupa consisted of a large solid dome standing on a cylindrical platform, surrounded by a great railing. The railing was covered with narrative relief on the inner face while the outer face was decorated with lotus roundels both on the pillars and the crossbars.