Lingaraja Temple and group to the west, Bhubaneshwar
Photographer: Dixon, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Lingaraja Temple and a group of temples to the west, at Bhubaneshwar in Orissa from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series (volume 21, 'a' numbers), taken by Henry Dixon at the beginning of the 1860s. Bhubaneshwar has many sacred Hindu temples which were built between the 7th and the 13th centuries in the Orissan variant of the Nagara or Northern style. These temples normally consist of a sanctuary covered by a tall curvilinear tower divided into horizontal bands and capped by an amalaka and a pot finial. The square adjoining mandapa or hall has a pyramidal roof. Most of the temples of Bhubaneshwar are grouped around Bindu Sagar, the tank in the middle of the ancient town. The temples in this view are dominated by the tall tower of the Lingaraja complex which is the most stylistically evolved of the temples of Bhubaneswar. It was built in the late 11th century in the characteristic Nagara or Northern style of Orissa. The sanctuary is towered by a curvilinear superstructure, called rekha deul, divided into vertical bands and capped by an amalaka and a pot finial. The large adjoining square hall or Jagamohana is roofed by a pyramid of horizontal elements. The next two halls, the nata mandir, the hall reserved for the dance and the bogha mandir, or offering-hall, are covered by pyramidal roofs. The sanctuary walls have mouldings with numerous projections with sculpted niches and rearing beasts in the recesses.