Monument of the late Marquis of Cornwallis, Governor General of India, Bombay.
Photographer: Z., A.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a monument to Marquis Cornwallis in Bombay from the album 'Views of Western India' taken by a photographer with the initials 'A. Z.' c. 1857. Cornwallis (1738-1805) held the post of Governor General and Commander in Chief of India from 1786 to 1793. Cornwallis is credited with laying the administrative foundation of British rule in India and was given the title of Marquis in 1792 for his pivotal role in the Third Mysore War. In the early nineteenth century, Cornwallis was honoured through portraits, statues and monuments. Notable examples are found in the major cities of Madras, Bombay and Calcutta and in Ghazipur; the town in which he died. This view shows a monument erected in memory of Cornwallis that stood in Bombay Green. The single-storey structure is Neo-Classical in architectural style and square in plan. It has a cupola that is supported by fluted columns. In the 1860s, Bombay Green was remodelled to form Elphinstone Circle. The statue of Cornwallis that was originally kept within the monument is now at the Bhau Daji Lad Museum in Bombay. The statue was completed in 1812 by John Bacon.