Miscellaneous Buddhist sculptures from Rhode Tope, Sanghao, Peshawar District 10031139
Photographer: Cole, Henry Hardy
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph, taken around 1883 and attributed to Henry Hardy Cole (probably incorrectly), of a large collection of sculpture pieces from Rhode Tope, Sanghao, boxed ready for transportation. The sculptures pictured here include depictions of the Buddha at the centre of a chapel and scenes from the Buddha's life. From the first and second centuries AD onwards, Peshawar district, in northern Pakistan, became famous for it's sculptural traditions. Known as Gandhara, it was ruled by a dynasty of Chinese origin called the Kushans. They were Buddhists and under their rule, the religion, and the arts associated with it were allowed to flourish. The reign of the Kushan king Kanishka, is particularly well known for its artistic achievements and it was during his reign, from 78 AD, that we find the first examples of the Graeco-Roman influenced Gandharan style of sculpture. The classical influence on these sculptures can be seen, in the figures draped clothing, their curly hair and the naturalistic modelling of their bodies.