Photograph of the monolithic inscribed pillar at Pathari, taken by Joseph David Beglar in 1871-72. Pathari is situated in the modern state of Madhya Pradesh. Occupation of the site dates back at least as far as the Gupta period and centuries of settlement have left large numbers of ruined buildings all around the city. The pillar pictured here is described in J.D. Beglar, Report of a tour in Bundelkhand and Malwa, 1871-72... (A.S.I. vol VII, Calcutta, 1878), pp. 67-68: "The monolithic pillar in the city...is a tall, round, plain, slightly-tapering shaft of white compact sandstone; the lower portion, for a height of 7 feet 9 1/2 inches, being a square of 2 feet 2 inches each way, with a slightly projecting panel, 2 feet 2 inches wide, on each side. On the northern panel is an inscription in late Gupta character, much worn by the weather...The capital consists of a disk, with rounded and corrugated edge, shaped like the central zone of an oblate spheroid, and is surmounted by a square abacus; the whole is surmounted by two human figures placed back to back, armed and bearing shields."