Minor cave (Lalatendra Kesari Gumpha), Khandgiri Hill
Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Lalatendra Kesari Gumpha at Khandgiri Hill, taken by Alexander E. Caddy in 1895, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. In the twin hills of Khandgiri, (or Khandagiri) and Udayagiri, near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa, there is a series of Jain cave temples called 'gumpha' locally, cut out of sandstone. Most of these massive and austere caves were excavated in the period of the Chedi kings in the 1st century BC. They generally have one or more plain cells with a flat ceiling. Some are double storeyed and have pillared verandas. The facades of the larger caves are profusely decorated with sculptures. In Antiquities of Orissa of 1875-80 R. Mitra wrote, '...there is a large cave called Lalatendra Kas'ari Gumpha, were the mortal remains of Raja Laltendra of the Kes'ari dynasty are said to lie at rest...Exteriorly there is nothing of importance from an architectural point of view. I have no reason to suspect that it is other than a Buddhist cell.'