Maidan from the west, Secunderabad.
Photographer: Dayal, Deen
Medium: Photographic print
Secunderabad is situated in Andhra Pradesh next to Hyderabad, its older twin city (founded c. 1590). In 1798 the Nizam of Hyderabad, Sikander Jah, entered into a subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company, involving military and political cooperation. Under the alliance an area north of Hussain Sagar lake was to be made a cantonment. Soon after the alliance was signed 5,000 British troops arrived and camped north of Hyderabad; the cantonment was laid out in 1806 and named after the Nizam, and thus was Secunderabad founded. Initially it encompassed an area of four square miles and had a population of 5,000 troops plus several thousand civilians, however 60 years later it had increased to 17 square miles and the population, including the armed forces was 50,000. The town continued to develop as its military functions and business opportunities drew large numbers of people from the surrounding rural areas.