Moulmein. The Jail, with Salween River, the Martaban Hills in the distance
Photographer: Jackson, J.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Moulmein (Mawlamyaing), taken by J. Jackson in c.1868, part of an album of 43 views of Burma (Myanmar) from the Sladen Collection. Moulmein lies at the mouth of the Salween (Thanlwin) river where it meets the Gulf of Mottama (Martaban) and the confluence of four smaller rivers on the coast of south-east Burma. The town, the capital of the Mon state and fourth largest in Burma, is set in beautiful natural scenery of tropical vegetation, low ranges of hills and limestone outcrops rising from the surrounding plains. It developed as a colonial town and seaport during the 19th century. It was the administrative capital of British Burma between 1827 and 1852 and became a centre for the export of teak and rice. This is a view of the jail from a hillside in east Moulmein, with the houses of the town beyond and the Salween River and Martaban Hills in the distance.