Maulmein. Great Pagoda [Kyaik-Than-Lan Pagoda]
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Kyaik-Than-Lan Paya at Moulmein (Mawlamyaing), taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. This is a view of the pagoda looking along an approach road. It is the tallest of five monasteries and shrines built on a ridge of hills in east Moulmein and was probably the setting for Rudyard Kipling's poem 'The Road to Mandalay', which begins: "By the old Moulmein Pagoda, lookin' lazy at the sea / There's a Burma girl a-settin', and I know she thinks o' me;" The main shrine is a tapering, conical stupa 40 m tall, which stands on a platform reached via flights of steps ascending the hillside. The stupa is surrounded by a cluster of pagodas with tiered roofs or pyat-that, an element of Burmese religious architecture denoting sacred space. Smaller stupa shrines and pyat-that towers are built on the hillside below.