Madura. Trimul Naik's Portico [Pudu Mandapa]. Carved pillars on south side
Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. The Nayaka dynasty came into being when the post of the governor (nayaka) appointed by the Vijayanagar kings (after they gained control of Madurai in the 14th century) became hereditary. The Nayakas did much to add to the beauty of temples and the present Minakshi temple in Madurai mostly dates from the Nayaka period. It is famous for its sculpted columns, and the Pudhu Mandapam built by Tirumala Nayaka (reigned 1623-59) has many fine examples. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India', edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description of this mandapam (hall), 'On the columns near the middle of the nave, and on each side of it, are figures of the Madura Nayaks. The series commences on the south side with Visvanatha Nayak, the founder of the dynasty, seen on the left in this view, while the other figures are those of his immediate successors, with that nondescript animal, the Yali, in the distance.'