Photograph from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. The Nayaka dynasty of Madurai was established by governors appointed by the Vijayanagar kings. They did much to add to the beauty of temples and the present Minakshi temple in Madurai mostly dates from the Nayaka period. It is famous for its sculpted columns, and the Pudhu Mandapam built by Tirumala Nayaka (reigned 1623-59) has many fine examples. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India', edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description, 'Directly opposite Visvanatha Nayak, the founder, stands Trimul Nayak, the last of the dynasty. He is represented by the figure on the right of the view under the canopy. His four immediate predecessors are seen on the pillars beyond. On each side of Trimul Nayak are two of his wives and a female servant. The wife standing next to the Rajah, as seen on the pillar, was the daughter of the king of Tanjore.'