Photograph from an album of 40 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. View looking along the columns of the massive arcade of Tirumala Nayaka's palace in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Tirumala, (ruled 1623-1659), was the most illustrious ruler of Madurai's Nayaka dynasty. In his 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, Lyon wrote that this photograph 'gives perhaps the best idea of the grandeur of the old palace; it is the view which presents itself on turning to leave the audience-hall, before again descending the steps into the quadrangle. The two pillars in the foreground are those of the arcade, which, as before stated, completely surrounds the quadrangle, and the whole facade of the same arcade on the north side is also shown in this view. The pillars are of hewn stone, covered with fine chunam or plaster, and are about 45 feet in height'.