Madras Harbour, 1902
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the harbour at Madras (Chennai), Tamil Nadu, from the Macnabb Collection (Col James Henry Erskine Reid): Album of Indian views, taken in c.1902. This is a view looking north towards the screw-pile pier, which extends seaward from the Customs House, with railway tracks and cranes on the foreshore. Madras was one of India’s major ports and handled high volumes of import and export trade with Britain and other parts of the world, despite initially having no natural harbour. In 1875 the construction of a harbour was commenced and in 1879 two parallel masonry breakwaters were created, enclosing the pier to the north and south. Work on the harbour was completed in 1896.