Mausoleum of Prince Etmad Daulah [Itimad-ud-daulah's Tomb, Agra]
Photographer: Baker and Burke
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daula in Agra, taken by Baker and Burke in 1865, from the Edward Molyneux Collection: Album entitled 'Indian Photographs.' This tomb was built in c.1626 for Mirza Ghiyas Beg, a Persian who had obtained service as Lord High Treasurer in the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605). On Jahangir's succession in 1605 he was made Wazir or Chief Minister with the title of Itimad-ud-Daulah or 'Pillar of State'. Jahangir fell in love with his daughter Noor Jahan (Light of the World) and eventually married her. Noor Jahan conceived this tomb for her father and it set a precedent as the first Mughal building to be faced with white inlaid marble and contrasting stones. It is situated in a square walled garden with ponds and cascades. The building is low and square in plan and has octagonal minarets at the corners which are topped by domed chattris (pavilions). The tomb is renowned for the delicacy of its decoration, the inlaid stones include yellow porphyry, agate, jasper and black marble. This is a view of the tomb from the garden on the bank of the river Jumna.